Near Surface Geophysics ?
Near-surface geophysics (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Near-surface_geophysics) is the use of different geophysical (seismic, electrical, electromagnetic and potential) methods to investigate small-scale features in the shallow (tens to hundreds of meters) subsurface. It is closely related to applied geophysics or exploration geophysics.
Oil, mineral, geothermal exploration.
Three main surface/borehole geophysical methods (magnetic, gravimetric and seismic) used in natural resources exploration determining the density, magnetization, and acoustical properties of a geologic medium.
It’s a suite of geophysical methods used to map soil/groundwater contamination within the upper 100m (even deeper), to depict the contaminants movement, to characterize waste disposal sites, etc.
Engineering geophysics comprises of spatial studies of the Earth’s surface and subsurface to detect local anomalies in the subsurface that create constructional instabilities/failures and to define the composition and physical properties of rocks, layers, etc. for the engineers.
Hydrogeophysics (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hydrogeophysics) is a cross-disciplinary area of research that uses geophysics to characterize and monitor a phreatic, fractured or karstic aquifer system and to define hydraulic parameters of the studied aquifer.
Geophysical methods continue to show great promise for use in agriculture. The term “agricultural
geophysics” denotes a subdiscipline of geophysics that is focused only on agricultural applications.
In archaeology (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geophysical_survey_(archaeology)), geophysical survey is ground-based geophysical techniques (2D/3D DC, GPR, EM mapping, etc.) used for mapping buried antiquities.
Biogeophysics (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biogeophysics) is a subdiscipline of geophysics concerned with how plants, microbial activity and other organisms alter geologic materials and affect geophysical signatures.